THE FIRST AMENDMENT
CONGRESS SHALL MAKE NO LAW RESPECTING
AN ESTABLISHMENT OF RELIGION, OR PROHIBITING THE FREE EXERCISE
THEREOF: OR ABRIDGING THE FREEDOM OF SPEECH, OR OF THE PRESS;
OR THE RIGHT OF THE PEOPLE PEACEABLY TO ASSEMBLE, AND TO PETITION
THE GOVERNMENT FOR A REDRESS OF GRIEVANCES.
If there is any fixed star in our constitutional
constellation, it is that NO official, high or petty, can prescribe
what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion or other
matters of opinion or force citizens to confess by word or act
their faith therein, If there are ANY circumstances which permit
an exception, they do not now occur to us." United States
Supreme Court (1943) West Virginia State Board of Education v.
Barnette, 319 US 624.